Urban planning for city bees

Bees’ livelihood depends completely on flowers. The pollen flowers produce is bees’ main and only food source. In turn, bees’ presence is crucial to plants’ reproduction. Without pollinators, most plants would go extinct. That’s why it is in our best interest to keep them both in good health. We are accustomed to the idea of […]

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Bees and their many eyes

Bees have two big compound eyes made of numerous small lenses. They are located on the upper part of their head. Bees also have three smaller eyes called ocelli, which have a simpler functioning that resembles the way photocells work. Even though they cannot see all of the details of an object, bees’ set of […]

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Bees need to sleep too

Before 1983 we didn’t even know bees sleep. However, from that time onwards literature on this matter kept on growing more and more. Thanks to the efforts of many researchers, we now know a good deal about bees’ sleep. The way bees sleep does not differ from the way many mammals and birds do. When […]

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Honey Adulteration

Honey Adulteration Is the honey we buy actually pure? We try to look for high quality products in supermarkets, but often counterfeit foods are hidden on the shelves, a lot of which are imported from China. Among these products lies honey, one with many important properties, which are lost during the adulteration process. In some […]

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The bees are disappearing

The bees are disappearing 😰 Bees are the main group of pollinators of the agricultural ecosystem; almost 80% of the foods we consume every day depend on bees. In the European Union, hives have fallen by over 50% in recent years. In Italy this figure stands at an average of 25% per year, while in […]

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Environmental DNA, a whole ecosystem in a drop of honey

When bees are looking for food, they do not gather only nectar from flowers, but also genetic traces of the many organisms living in that ecosystem. Making sense of all the pieces of information collected by bees is not easy because every genetic fragment belongs to a specific organism. Bioinformatics can help us tell them […]

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Bee and web hosting linked by an algorithm

Thanks to swarm intelligence, bees’ colonies can organise foraging activities as efficiently as possible. Though there is no central control, forager bees can spread out in the area surrounding the hive so to produce as much honey as possible in the given conditions. Whenever a forager bee finds a new source of food, it can […]

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Swarm intelligence and super-organisms

Swarm intelligence is a research area dealing with the way both artificial and natural self-organised systems work. The concept was first developed in the late 80s. Nature offers many examples of self-organised systems; flocks of birds, schools of fish, ants and bees’ colonies and so on. Another distinctive feature of these systems is that every […]

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